an economically important commercial fruit plant species belonging to family Punicaceae.
It is originated in Iran and extensively Pomegranate farming in done in the countries
like Spain, Morocco, Egypt, Iran, Afghanistan, and Baluchistan, Myanmar, China,
USA, and India.
Pomegranate is a rich
source of carbohydrates, proteins, calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamins .
Pomegranate eaten as fresh fruit also its juice is cool and refreshing. Each
and every part of pomegranate has some medicinal value. Its petals are used for
Pomegranate is in great demand for fresh fruit
consumption and export in the national and international markets. India occupies
pomegranate area(1.25lakhha) and production(8.21lakhtonnes). Maharashtra is the
leading state in India with 0.99 lakh ha area and 5.56 lakh tonnes production
followed by Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. Its productivity is very low(6.57t/ha)
in the country compared to countries like
Spain(18.5t/ha) and the USA(18.3 t/ha).Compared with climatic conditions of
Spain and USA, Indian climate is most favorable for Pomegranate. (National
The plant grows in dry
climate zones. Pomegranate plants flourish under
bright sun light and dry climate. The optimum
temperature for the fruit development stage is 38?C.
Deep loamy or alluvial, well drain soil is
highly recommended for pomegranate cultivation. The soil pH 6.0-8.0, reach in
organic carbon ideal for pomegranate cultivation.Ill drain soil having water
logging properties are not at all recommended for pomegranate cultivation.
especiallyair-layering, stemcutting and tissue culture.
Fruit orchards planted at wider distance. In recent years, a concept of
dense plantation has been evolved in pomegranate. The idea is reduce fruit load
per tree, which will enhance productivity, and ease plant treatment and
fertilizers: cow dung half compost (must be 3 to 4 months), half compost FYM Quantity
: for one year plant - 80 to 100 kg/plant. For 5 year & above plant - 150
to 200 kg/plant. Use Biofertilizers like Azotobactor, Phosphate Solubilizing
Bacteria, Potash Mobilizing Bacteria, Mycorrhiza (VAM), Tricodermaviride, T. harzianum
Chemical fertilizers: Nitrogen fertilizers - Urea, ammonium sulphate
Chemical fertilizers must use through drip irrigation only. Fertigation
scheduled accordingly season.
Water management play a very important role in Pomegranate fruit
production. At present Bacterial blight is a major disease causing fruit crack,
thus reducing the market value and exportability. To over come this problem
water management is the best remedy.
Irrigation must be timely intervals, required quantity and at appropriate
place. For most accuracy, Indian farmers must install drip irrigation with
Automation System for accurate water and precise fertigation. Proper drainage
system helps during rainy season.
For Precise Irrigation
Lateral diameter: 16mm/20 mm
Discharge: 2 Liters/hr
No. of lateral: Double lateral (both
side of the tree)
Distance between Dripper: 40 cm/50
cm/60 cm (according to water holding capatity of soil)
With Automation Controlled system.
Kothari Group is one of the leading Drip Irrigation manufacturers in
India and have a wide varity of drip solution for all types of crops.
Training and pruning in Pomegranate:
This is the best promising technique for proper shape and vegetative
growth. It helps proper light penetration in the tree center, proper pesticides
sprayings, ease cultural operations and harvesting fruits.
pomegranate there is two method of training system
Single stemmed method - Only one main shoot is kept.
Multi-stemmed method - Pomegranate plant bush shape
is maintained by keeping 3 - 4 shoots at the base. Maximum three shoots
method having best results.
must be weed free. Not only between the trees also bandsmust weed free.
Diseases of Pomegranate:
1.Bacterial Leaf spot or
Oily spot (Xanthomonasaxonopodispv.
2.Fruit cracking or Fruit
splitting ( Cercosporapunicae )
3.Hart rot or Back hart ( Alterneriaspp. )
4.Anthracnose ( Colletotrichumgloeosporioides )
5.Cercospora leaf spot ( Cercosporapunicae )
6.Wilt of pomegranate ( Ceratocystisfimbriata, Fusariumoxysporium)