In India, major
water resources are from river, lakes, canal, reservoir, tank and groundwater.
It is estimated that around 88% of the freshwater resources are currently being
used for agriculture and the remaining water is fulfilling the industrial and domestic
requirements. Now, all the sectors of the economy are demanding larger
quantities of fresh water and at the same time to enhance the total production.
This could be achieved by improving productivity with increased water use
The erratic and
uncertain monsoon, poor recharging of groundwater table and ever depleting soil
water levels because of excessive groundwater lifting, the water has become the
most scarce and costlier input in sugarcane agriculture. Under canal and lift
irrigation command because of excessive irrigation the problems of
waterlogging, salinity and alkalinity have been aggravated. This has not only
degraded the soil health but also reduced the cane yields substantially. Under
the well-irrigated area, there is an acute shortage of irrigation water
especially during the summer season resulting in a decline in cane yield
substantially. The fertilizer use efficiency is also low under conventional
nutrients are the most crucial production factors in sugarcane cultivation and
their availability in appropriate quantity at right time throughout the crop
growth period have become a major constraint in achieving sustainable sugarcane
production. Adoption of micro-irrigation in sugarcane offers an opportunity for
placement of fertilizers in the soluble form at the root zone of the crop along
with irrigation water increase land, water and fertilizer use efficiency.
of Micro-irrigation in Sugarcane and future perspectives
micro-irrigation in sugarcane at farmer’s level needs to organize development
programs at the village level to educate the farmers. To tap the full potential
of the micro irrigation systems, appropriate policies are to be adopted. This
invites integrated approach and endeavours on the part of Sugar Factories,
State Government and Central Government agencies. Needs some major steps as:
to all potential sugarcane growers by state and central Government and the
Sugar Factories for the adoption of these micro-irrigation systems to
save irrigation water and increase the productivity and production per
unit of land and water.
standard material – ISI quality material only. To maintain the quality at
Prompt after-sales services
of skills and confidence in farmers about micro-irrigation systems.
research studies to prepare the ready reckoner of daily water requirement
considering the age of crop, season and soil type of major locations in
sugarcane producing states in the country.
Fertigation schedules as per crop growth stages through micro
irrigation systems needs to be developed and fertigation should be made an
essential component of micro-irrigation system.
At Kothari Group
we plan to bring the total area under sugarcane under micro-irrigation in a
phased manner, there is no need for a horizontal increase in the area under
sugarcane for production of sufficient to suffice the installed capacity of all
the sugar cane Factories. However, the saved 50% of irrigation water can be
diverted to other crops and total irrigated area and productivity will be
increased substantially. Our manufacturers and dealers believe that irrigation
is the best source of water for sugarcane